Survivors of the Alamo
Survived the Assault:
Several other local civilians later claimed to have been
in the fort, and may have been at one time or another, but there is no
evidence either way. (A "Madam Candelaria" made a career of being interviewed
about the battle late in the 19th Century. Enrique
Esparza didn't see her in the fort.) One source has Trinidad Saucedo,
a servant in the Veramendi house, leaving before the assault.
wife of Capt. Almeron Dickinson
Angelina Dickinson, their 15-month old daughter
Joe, Travis' slave
Gertrudis Navarro, 15, sister by adoption to James
Bowie's wife, Ursula Bowie
Juana Navarro Alsbury,
28, sister of Gertrudis Navarro
Alijo Perez, 18-month-old son of Juana Alsbury by
a previous marriage. (Became a San Antonio policeman and died in 1918.)
Ana Esparza, wife of Gregorio Esparza, and their four
Maria de Jesus Castro
Brigido Guerrero, who had deserted from the Mexican
Army about four years earlier. He talked his way out of being killed by
claiming to be a POW.
After the fighting, Mrs. Dickinson was sent to Gonzales
with her baby, two dollars and a pony. Ben,
the black man who accompanied her, is sometimes cited as a survivor
of the Alamo, but this former seaman was actually a member of the Mexican
army, serving as Santa Anna's personal cook. Whatever conditions were like
in El Presidente's service, Ben was apparently perfectly willing to trade
them for a hike into slave territory.
Joe, Travis' slave, caught
up with them on the road. A year later he would escape from his subsequent
owners and presumably ended up a free man.
Not Present During the Assault:
Francis L. Desauque
San Antonio merchant who loaned Travis $200 to keep the fort
operating. He was sent to Fannin with a message from Travis. Was captured
with Fannin's command and executed with them.
James L. Allen
Age 21 at the time, he was sent out as a courier the night
before the assault. He later became a Texas Ranger and a Confederate officer,
dying in 1901. Although he was in the fort for the bulk of the siege, and
could have cleared up many mysteries, there is no record that he was ever
John Walker Baylor
He was sent out as a courier shortly after the siege began.
Joined Fannin's command and escaped the final collapse because he had a
horse. Was wounded at San Jacinto, and died the next year of complications.
Teenage courier sent out during the siege.
Antonio Cruz y Arocha
Was an orderly for Capt. Juan Seguin, and left with the latter.
Alexando de la Garza
One of Seguin's men, who was sent out as a courier.
Benjamin Franklin Highsmith
Teenage courier who was sent to Fannin just before the siege
began. Returning, he was turned back and pursued by a Mexican cavalry patrol
but escaped. Met James Bonham, another returning courier, and urged him
to turn back, but the latter pressed on. Highsmith later took another message
to Fannin for Houston, and was at San Jacinto. He was later in the Texas
Rangers, and died in 1905.
(William P.?) Johnson
A courier who was evidently sent to Fannin at the start of
the siege and died with the latter.
William Sanders Oury
Was sent out as a courier and later was at San Jacinto. Later
was with the Mier Expedition, and was in the Texas Rangers in the Mexican-American
War. He joined the California gold rush, and ended up as sheriff of Tuscon,
Lewis (or Louis or Moses)
Elected to leave before the assault, possibly on March 3.
A former French soldier, he later became a butcher in Nacogdoches, eventually
moving to Louisiana, where he died in 1850.
Left the fort on February 22 to rally reinforcements. Did
gather 25 men, and met another 12 coming from Gonzales, but the fort fell
before they could get back. Later he was at San Jacinto. After the war
he was active in local politics -- including a term as mayor of San Antonio
-- but was forced into exile by political opponents after hostilities renewed
in 1842. The Mexicans arrested him and took him along during their brief
recapture of San Antonio. He moved back to the city after the Mexican-American
John William Smith
Was sent out as a courier shortly after the Mexican Army
arrived. He returned as a guide with the Gonzales Ranging Company. He was
sent out again on March 3. He was organizing a group of 25 men to return
with him when the fort fell. After the war he was mayor of San Antonio
several times and was an opponent of Juan Seguin.
Sent as a courier to Gonzales shortly after the Mexican Army
Died of wounds in Port Lavaca in June 1836. He was either
wounded during the final assault but escaped, or while serving as a courier
on February 28.
Identified With Garrison:
This Texas Army captain was outside the fort when the Mexican
Army arrived, and decided to return to his former post on the coast. He
was captured by a Mexican Army raiding party in 1841, and killed himself
in prison after the other Texan prisoners, held seperately, escaped without
He apparently rode into the Alamo with the Gonzales Ranging
Company, and then was sent back to Gonzales to organize relief supplies.
Benjamin F. Nobles
Left with Dimmit (above.)
William Hester Patton
Left for another post before the Mexican Army arrived. Was
killed by Mexican raiders in 1842.
Left San Antonio shortly after the Mexican Army arrived to
take word of this event to Gonzales, either ordered by Travis or by his
own choice. He was later involved in San Antonio politics with Juan Seguin,
and was killed by Mexican raiders in 1842.
Andrew Jackson Sowell
Left for Gonzales with Byrd Lockhart (see above.) Was later
in the Texas Rangers and the Confederate Army.